Zhuang Zhou didn't know that the earth and the celestial sphere were round. That didn't matter to him. The land in which he lived and the sky from which he could see was all the nature given to him. He lived there, and speculated, and died there.
In this respect, Japan, when MIURA BAIEN was alive, was no different. Japan had shared nature's view of China. All Japanese scholars had Sinocentrism and believed their country was in the east of China. In short, they thought Japan was a dependency of China.
BAIEN traveled to Nagasaki when 23 years old. Then he learned about the ancient Greek astronomy that Matteo Ricci brought to China in the Ming Dynasty. And he got the knowledge that the center of the world is the center of the earth. And he got the understanding that the land and the heaven divided into the northern and southern hemispheres.
Then he began to doubt all knowledge of the everyday world. But he realized that the world was built by a binary system as if he was struck by the revelation at 30 years old. He then began writing the first draft of GENGO and 37 years later died in the middle of the 24th revision.
Although GENGO was uncompleted, the core of the thought fixed, and there was no doubt. BAIEN read the book of Zhuang Zhou very well and was strongly impressed by his magnificent view of the world. And he had also greatly influenced by ancient Greek astronomy written in Tenkei-Wakumon. Then BAIEN spent his whole life trying to fuse these two world ideas.
Edmund Husserl(1859 -1938) argued that the system of learning that sought the universal recognition of the world was a synthesis of the world knowledge in which ancient Greece scholars grasped the whole world by reason. It expressly asserted in the following book.
"The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology".
And its central theme is "Lifeworld"(Lebenswelt in German). He thought that real learning had established based on the "Lifeworld", which intuitively understood daily before learning of modern science.
However, ever since Galileo Galilei appeared in history, he thought that nature had been enveloped by "clothing of mathematical and symbolic ideas". He thought that the "living world" hidden as a result. E. Husserl described it as the "The Crisis of European Sciences" and insisted on restoring the world of the "Lifeworld".
He argued that since Galileo Galilei's advent, the mathematical idealization of the world in Europe had gone too far, and hiding the "Lifeworld" that preceded all scholarship and world experience. He stressed the importance of restoring the "Lifeworld" that has been obscured by reductionism toward a mathematically idealized world.